How our health care system benefits from biosimilars!

The importance of biosimilars for our health care system is immense, since they generate savings in the billions, therefore providing massive relief of the financial strain. Read more about who benefits

from the system apart from the statutory health insurance and what biosimilars signify for the access of patients with rheumatism in need of treatment with biologicals, as well as for security of supply here.

Biosimilars are successors of original biological preparations, which are comparable in their efficacy – yet demonstrably cheaper in price. The fact that they have increasingly entered the market and health care supply, has maximum positive effects in exactly those areas in which a functioning health care system is crucial, because: the competition caused by biosimilars results in sinking prices in the entire market for biologicals. Due to these massive savings, more patients receive access to treatment with biopharmaceuticals. The supply is stable – not least thanks to diversified production sites and the strong industrial hub of Europe.


In 2006, Omnitrope®, the first successor product to a biopharmaceutical came onto the market after patent expiration – and the success of biosimilars was launched. Early on, doctors, associations of statutory health care physicians, patients and patient associations began to pay closer attention to biosimilars.

Associations of statutory health care physicians provided information and elucidation for doctors and patients. Equally, the health insurance providers did their part to enable and expand biosimilar access and supply.


How well the competition is functioning was demonstrated in 2018 with the patent expiration of the until then worldwide highest-selling pharmaceutical Humira® (active pharmaceutical ingredient: Adalimumab): for the first time three biosimilars simultaneously were waiting in the wings from the very first day and ignited the competition. The results were noticeable reductions in prices.

In the subsequent months, more manufacturers joined – with the result: Just a few months after patent expiration of Humira®, more than half of the required daily defined doses were supplied by biosimilars.

Faster and faster: the market penetration with biosimilars

A look at the active pharmaceutical ingredients overall shows: With increasing competition on the market and increasing familiarity of medical practitioners and specialists with biosimilars, the time biosimilars require to reach 50 per cent market share decreases by half. Where it took infliximab and etanercept 26 or 25 months respectively, rituximab and adalimumab required only 11 or 12 months respectively for market penetration.

The competition leads to savings

Biological pharmaceuticals are used in the treatment of a variety of severe illnesses. However, due to their complex manufacturing processes, they are also expensive. A large share of the financial resources for pharmaceutical expenditure of the health insurance providers is devoted to biopharmaceuticals. Biosimilars can be cause for relief of that strain.

As soon as the patent expires, biosimilars can be made available to patients. This leads to sinking prices. It should be noted, that this does not just concern the prices of biosimilars, but also the price of the initial supplier’s original preparation, since the initial manufacturers, too, are submitted to further pressures to allow price reductions for the health insurances.


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  • In December 2020, the health insurance providers spent up to 53 per cent less per daily defined dosage than they did for a daily dose of Humira® prior to the market launch of biosimilars.
  • Savings totalling around 900 million euros were achieved by the biosimilars of rheumatism APIs adalimumab and etanercept alone, namely, in the period between March 2016 and December 2020.
  • In the year 2020 alone, around 500 million euros’ worth of savings were yielded by the biosimilars of rheumatism APIs adalimumab and etanercept.

Discount agreements and fixed reference prices further lower the costs

Further instruments for cost reduction are so-called discount agreements between health insurance providers and pharmaceutical manufacturers, as well as fixed reference prices. The share of packaging units regulated via a discount agreement is increasing continuously, for some APIs, this share constitutes over 90 per cent. Besides, the statutory health insurance can determine fixed reference prices for specific APIs to motivate the originator to lower their prices. This is because, according to the German reference pricing system, the patients have to pay the difference between the fixed reference price and the actual one, if the manufacturer does not lower their listing price to the amount of the fixed reference price.

Savings result in more patient access


Caused by the competition among biosimilars, the sinking therapy costs don’t just relieve the pressure on the statutory health insurances, they also enable more and more patients access to new and advanced therapies. All the while reducing the costs: Despite the rise in prescriptions by 29 per cent, the real expenses of the health insurance providers sank by 11 per cent.   

Patients’ waiting time for treatment with biologicals today shorter than ever


The waiting time, too, meaning the time period during which, for example, patients with severe rheumatism are prescribed a chemical basic therapy until their doctor prescribes a biological has shortened significantly. This is what a survey in context of a so-called PHARAO-study, undertaken by the Bavarian Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (KVB) on behalf of the AG Pro Biosimilars has shown.

Accordingly, patients nowadays receive a prescription for a biopharmaceutical much sooner than they did, for example, six years ago. While a patient with rheumatism had to wait 7,4 years on average in 2015, now the waiting time for treatment with biologicals has shortened to an average of 0,3 years.

More patients were treated with a biological


The aforementioned study shows that the amount of patients who received treatment with a biological has increased significantly over the course of the past few years. In Bavaria alone, the number of patients with rheumatism receiving a biopharmaceutical has risen by 5 per cent in just five years – from 13,5 per cent in 2014 up to 18,7 per cent in 2019. Moreover, of those 18,7 per cent, more than half of the patients received a biosimilar.

Study shows positive effects of biosimilars

A study by AG Pro Biosimilars shows how the health care system benefits from biosimilars. Read more about the key findings of our analysis here. (In German)

Key findings of the study
Einsparungen Adalimumab

Biosimilars guarantee maximum security of supply

As opposed to chemically synthesised pharmaceuticals, biosimilars guarantee security of supply to a much greater degree. A healthy market environment evidently leads to conditions in which zero to no shortages occur. Further, the few shortages that have taken place since biosimilars first entered the market always remained temporary shortfalls.

This demonstrates that biosimilars benefit simultaneously from Europe as a strong industrial hub and globally diversified production and supply chains, meaning the current regulatory framework provides enough leeway for companies and manufacturers to keep their supply chains resilient and thus the supply continuously stable.

Diversified production and the strength of Europe as an industry hub

A look at the manufacturing sites of biosimilars reveals that they are evenly spread across the globe. Further, the distribution on the map demonstrates the strength of Europe as an industry hub.

Accordingly, 56 per cent of the currently required daily defined doses of biosimilars in Germany originate from Europe. Austria and Germany currently manufacture the most products for the German market – each responsible for 8 biosimilars. Not only does this positively affect security of supply, it also shows there are actually companies in Germany and in Europe who still invest in local and European production. That the necessary expertise is available here was most recently demonstrated by the biotech sector, who contributed to the development of vaccines against COVID-19, essential for the care of many patients.


Fact 1

The more recent the patent expiration, the faster the respective biosimilars entered the market.

Fact 2

Biosimilars lower the prices. Not only are they inherently cheaper, they also cause a reduction in the price of the original / reference product.

Fact 3

Thanks to biosimilars, more patients have access to therapies with biologicals, while the costs for the health care providers continue sinking.

Fact 4

Biosimilars have resilient supply chains guaranteeing a maximum of security of supply.

Fact 5

Not only the strength of diversification of production sites is responsible, but also the strength of Europe as an industry hub.

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